The Program in Applications of Computing is an interdisciplinary program designed for Princeton undergraduates who want to combine the study of computing and computers beyond an introductory level with another academic concentration, but who are not majoring in Computer Science. The program welcomes students in all disciplines, including both areas traditionally making heavy use of computation (such as engineering, the physical sciences, economics, and mathematics) and emerging application areas (such as biology, cognitive science, graphic arts, music, history, philosophy, politics, sociology, literature, and so on). Many students have found this program an effective way to apply computer science to their own specialties, and to understand how computing concepts and technology are changing our world.
The program is open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors who are majoring in a department other than Computer Science. The prerequisite for admission is successful completion of COS 126 or ISC 231-234, 5 on the AP Computer Science AB exam (the Computer Science A exam is, unfortunately, not accepted), or instructor's permission to take COS 217 or 226.
To apply to join PAC, please fill out the online worksheet . If you have any questions, email the program director (smr+pac at cs).
A certificate candidate's courses and thesis must form a coherent plan of study that fulfills both the program requirements and the requirements of the candidate's major department. This planning is done in consultation with the program advisor and the student's academic advisor in the major department. The following are the requirements:
A list of recent thesis and project topics is here.
The thesis work is coordinated through the student's thesis advisor in the major department and an assigned program advisor (who may be, in routine cases, the program director). When this is not possible, the student may instead undertake a one-semester independent project with a strong computer-related component, separate from, but related to, the student's area of concentration. This option must be arranged in consultation with the program advisor, and approved by the Program Committee.
P/D/F policy: Limit is one P/D/F from among the courses used to satisfy the program requirements.
Majors in departments with computer-related concentrations: Non-Computer-Science majors whose departmental concentration is in an area related to computing (such as Electrical Engineering) can participate in the program if the two 300/400-level courses used to satisfy the PAC requirements are disjoint from those used for their departmental concentration, and are in a different area of computer science. In particular, ELE 306 / COS 206 is not accepted for the program for ELE majors. For ORFE majors, ORF 307 is accepted for PAC.
As mentioned above, we want to extend a warm welcome to students in disciplines in which extensive computer application is either relatively new or nontraditional. To be more concrete, here are examples of course choices that might be appropriate for a few such areas:
Artificial Intelligence / Cognitive Science
How can computers be made to behave intelligently? How can the brain be modeled from a computational perspective? These two questions are emerging as central challenges in this century. A student following an artificial intelligence / cognitive science track might take COS 402 (Artificial Intelligence), plus one of the following courses:
Students interested in this track for the certificate should see Professor Rob Schapire.
With increasing amounts of data being generated in a variety of genome-wide biological studies, modern molecular biology is rapidly becoming an information-based science. Now biology can be studied at the level of systems, be it systems of interacting proteins in the cell, intercellular signaling, organ-level interactions, or whole organisms. This modern biology requires a new generation of scientists who are proficient in computer science, statistics, and mathematics, as well as biology. We thus recommend the core sequence COS 226 and COS 323 (for the two-out-of-three), plus two of the following courses:
Students interested in this kind of track for the certificate should see Professor Thomas Funkhouser or Professor Olga Troyanskaya.
Computational Social Science
With the proliferation of large data sets and high-speed computing, social scientists have increasingly come to rely on computational tools for analysis. The track in computational social science addresses such applications as (a) computational modeling and simulation (the use of "intelligent agents" equipped with particular capacities, preferences, and behavioral routines to model large-scale social systems); (b) computer-based natural language and text processing; and (c) statistical computing (with particular reference to the refinement of econometric, sociometric, and psychometric algorithms). Prerequisites for a certificate would typically include COS 126 (Introduction to Computer Science); COS 226 (Algorithms and Data Structures); COS 323 (Computing for the Physical and Social Sciences); and appropriate courses in Sociology, Economics, or Politics. Students interested in this track for the certificate should see Professor Paul DiMaggio.
Digital media, including both graphics and sound, have become central both to our culture and our science. There are (at least) three general areas that might serve as a focus for certificate students interested in these computer applications:
Courses for a graphics media track might include COS 426 (Computer Graphics) or COS 429 (Computer Vision), plus COS 436 (Human Computer Interface Technology) or COS 479 (Pervasive Information Systems). The choices are wide and will vary with the student. Those interested in a graphics track for the applications certificate should see Prof. Adam Finkelstein.
The collaboration between Music and Computer Science at Princeton has a long and rich history. Specific cross-listed COS/MUS courses include MUS/COS 314 (Introduction to Computer Music) and COS 325/MUS 315 (Transforming Reality by Computer). A music track for the certificate might include one of these two, plus COS 436 (Human Computer Interface Technology) or COS 479 (Pervasive Information Systems). Again, a wide range of choices is possible.
....Policy and Intellectual Property
The legal and political aspects of digital media are becoming increasingly important in our society. A track for the certificate that focused in this area might typically include COS 491 (Information Technology and The Law), plus any one of many other possible courses, depending on the student's particular interests. Those interested should see Professor Edward Felten.